Correlation of Cetacean Stranding Events between 2010-2014 at the Romanian Coast
AbstractThe current study presents data from research conducted at the Romanian coast, for the period May 2010 - December 2014. Stranding data were obtained mainly through the national stranding network established by the “Mare Nostrum“ NGO in collaboration with the Water Administration authorities. The database of “Mare Nostrum“ NGO contains 451 records. Stranding data refer to number of animals stranded and not to multiple stranding events. It reveals an analysis of cetacean stranding along the entire shore and puts in front the correlations between natural and unnatural mortality, on gender and age stages. In the Black Sea, cetaceans are represented by three species, Phocoena phocoena relicta, Tursiops truncatus ponticus and Delphinus delphis ponticus. The main threat and cause of decline for the Black Sea dolphins are the fishing nets, the so-called by-catches. For the protection and conservation of the dolphin populations from the Romanian Black Sea area in conformity with the objectives of the “National Action Plan for Conservation of Dolphins“ and the “Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area“, NGO “Mare Nostrum“ developed a Monitoring program called “Monitoring and conservation of Black Sea dolphins” in partenership with the National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa“ Constanta, the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Authority, the National Agency for Fisheries and Aquaculture, the Natural Science Museum Complex “Dolphinarium“ Constanta, the Border Police Inspectorate of Constanta County, ACCOBAMS and international partners.
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